Why would a curator write exhibition labels with only 17 syllables? This week on Getty Voices, drawings curator Stephanie Schrader uses haiku to invite us to look at Old Master drawings in a new and unusual way.
The exhibition of drawings I’ve just curated at the Getty Museum focuses on something that’s long intrigued me: what’s absent from a work of art. The Poetry of Paper explores negative space, the areas of an artwork that an artist deliberately leaves unfilled.
Negative space isn’t obvious at first glance, because our attention goes straight to the artist’s marks. Our imagination fills in the blank areas, transforming them into midday sun, glinting silk, a misty cloud, a tablecloth, a heavenly glow.
The lounging woman above seems to be reclining against a pillow, but that pillow is entirely in our minds. Gustav Klimt added only a contour line, leaving the lower corner of the sheet bare.
The landscape below has an intermission of nearly blank paper that, under the brush of Nicolas Poussin, becomes a dramatic flood of sun in a forest clearing. We perceive it not as the absence of ink, but as the presence of light.
Drawings like these may look spontaneous, as if they fell into place with a few effortless strokes. But like negative space itself, this spontaneity is an artful illusion. The creators of the drawings in The Poetry of Paper carefully planned their compositions, deciding with great skill which areas to fill and which to leave bare. All the drawings in our collection, in fact, have some area of reserved (unfilled) paper. Negative space isn’t a compositional trick; it’s integral to the art of drawing on paper.
An exhibition about negative space asks you to look a little differently, to pay attention to what your imagination does with what you see. As the curator of The Poetry of Paper, I decided that I had to look at things a little differently, too. So I did something that, at times during the process, seemed a bit crazy: I wrote the labels in haiku.
I am not a poet. I am not a haiku expert. I am an art historian who uses language—prose—to study, think about, and interpret art.
Normally when I write a label, I explain what an artwork represents, who the artist was, and what scholars think he or she was trying to achieve. The labels for The Poetry of Paper, a collaboration with talented poet Jim Natal, have a totally different goal: to succinctly describe what we saw when we looked at each drawing and to invite you to look at it, too. To me, haiku seemed like an ideal tool for this approach. Like the drawings in the show, it is characterized by artful restraint. It uses few words to convey much. It suggests rather than tells, calling on your imagination to complete its meaning.
Haiku also offered a good opportunity to invite visitors to contribute to the exhibition by creating poems of their own about negative space. Writing about art can be hard. The best-known form of haiku in English, with lines of five, seven, and five syllables, offers a structure to follow, a place to start. To invite you to do this, we’ve placed two drawings on easels at a writing table so you can sit, look, and, if you choose, write.
This setup was inspired by the process I used to write my own first drafts. I took the drawings out of storage, put them on an easel one at a time, and simply sat with them. I reacted only to what I could physically see: the placement of the artist’s marks; the empty space between the drawn lines; the color, grain, thickness, and edge of the paper; the intimate or grand scale of the sheet. I did nothing else for 20 minutes. And then I began to put words to the page.
Some of the haikus came right away:
Drunken peasant leans
No chair but not a drop spills
Others needed 10 or 15 drafts, going back and forth between Jim and me:
Open hearth highlights
A raucous family feast
Heat of white sizzles
The process of distilling an artwork’s essence into only 17 syllables taught me a lot, both about the drawings and about communicating art in a brief, evocative way. It was also meditative, creative, and fun.
I hope The Poetry of Paper will entice you to take a few minutes to look at what you see in these remarkably beautiful drawings, what you don’t see, and how your imagination combines the two into a work of art.
To see visitors’ haikus, check the exhibition webpage, which we’ll update weekly. And to read more of the haikus Jim and I wrote for the show, join us this week on the Getty Voices Facebook and Twitter.