Art, Getty Research Institute, Research

Treasures from the Vault: Harry Smith and Patterns in the Wind

The artist found meaning in the most transitory of objects—paper airplanes grounded on the streets of New York

Paper airplane made from an Empire State Building informational sheet, 1968

Paper airplane made from an Empire State Building informational sheet, 1968. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 286

Harry Smith liked to look for keys to the universal patterns that shape our cultures and the hidden realms of the human unconscious. He compared patterns in native American music with the eccentric rhythms of jazz; the patterns in Seminole patchwork with those on Ukrainian Easter eggs; the intricate diagrams of master occultists with the ambient rhythms of the sounds of New York street life—and somehow assembled from these a harmonic web of cosmographic ideas, employing all the investigative rigor of his early anthropological training. His work explored many mediums, from music to film to painting to collecting, and his collections of peculiar impedimentia—seemingly unrelated objects threaded with meaning—expanded to fill his small New York hotel rooms.

One of the groups of objects Harry Smith assembled, as Nancy Perloff noted in her piece on Smith’s archives earlier this year, was a collection of over 250 paper airplanes found from 1961 through 1987 on the streets and sidewalks of Manhattan. Harry would pick up these transient paper objects, otherwise doomed to be swept away or decayed in the weather, and find meaning, value and purpose in them. He tagged each with the time and location of their finding, acting as a meticulous field worker, freezing the moment of a stranger’s whim for later inspection and evaluation. These wound up squirreled away amidst his other collections, rarely seen by others, but enlarged by his telling into the World’s Largest Paper Airplane Collection.

Folded from the ephemera of the times, these airplanes not only preserve clues describing their culture, but are also enigmatic reminders of the changing whims and passions of the human heart in an ever-changing world. They tell a story of countercultures within a commercial world, a story of the arts, a story of ordinary people going about their extraordinary lives.

The earliest example was folded from a card advertising a Betty Crocker cookbook in 1961. The 1967 examples include a flier for a counterculture event labeled “MANY SMOKES AND SPRING SEASONINGS,” a flier asking the disaffected to “DEMONSTRATE AGAINST THE WAR,” an example hand-inscribed as the “FLYING TITANIC,” an announcement for a lecture by Paolo Soleri, and an intricate piece of psychedelic art. It’s the turbulent Summer of Love in a nutshell.

Paper airplane made from Many Smokes and Spring Seasonings by artist Martin Carey, 1967

Paper airplane made from “Many Smokes and Spring Seasonings” by artist Martin Carey, published by the Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam, 1967. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 271

Paper airplane made from a flier titled Demonstrate Against the War, 1967

Paper airplane made from a flier titled “Demonstrate Against the War,” published by the Vietnam Peace Parade Committee, 1967. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 274

Paper airplane made from a flyer for The Event from the Cafe Au Go-Go, 1967

Paper airplane made from a flyer for “The Event from the Cafe Au Go-Go” published by Verve Folkways and the Infinite Poster, Inc., 1967. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 273

From 1968, we find a receipt for the purchase of a mink coat, as well as a flier describing the view from the Empire State Building, evidently launched from the top of the iconic building. From 1976 we have a Sisterhood newsletter, and a program for a play by Paddy Chayefsky.

There is an airplane folded from a menu from that famous hangout for pop artists, Max’s Kansas City, proudly hand-identified as the “X-ELSIOR” in 1978. The boxes for 1981 include a cover from the Manhattan telephone directory, an example hand-embellished with a spangling of stars of David, and a flier urging protestors to “STICK A HOLLAH IN THE AYATOLLAH.”

Paper airplane made from a menu inscribed X-celsior from Max's Kansas City, about 1978

Paper airplane made from a menu inscribed “X-celsior” from Max’s Kansas City, about 1978. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 286

Over 250 of these creations have been preserved. One of the most poignant is a connect-the-dots worksheet, printed on fragile, acidic paper, depicting a child gazing up into the air and declaring, “Oh! how I wish I could fly, There’s so much to see from the sky.” As long as that piece of folded paper endures, that child’s wistful longing will continue to be expressed, seemingly unaware that in May 1982, his wish was fulfilled.

Paper airplane made from a connect-the-dots page titled "Oh! How I Wish I Could Fly," unknown publisher, about 1982

Paper airplane made from a connect-the-dots page titled “Oh! How I Wish I Could Fly,” unknown publisher, about 1982. Harry Smith papers. The Getty Research Institute, 2013.M.4, box 292

We can only guess at what deeper meanings Harry Smith might have glimpsed in this collection. He was clearly interested in the cataloging of the types of airplanes he found as an expression of their folding methods. He kept the most unusual examples of folding, and documented on at least one slip of paper the discarding of some of the plainer examples he had found in multiples. This would have accorded with his interest in the multitudinous varieties of patterns to be found in folk craft traditions, and discovering their cross-cultural unifying principles.

Harry Smith also chronicled the meaningful but hidden patterns of New York life in an audio recording project of the 1980s, documenting entire days filled with the sounds of footsteps, the noise of crowds, the mewing of cats, the roar of traffic, and the sighing of the wind. Perhaps his paper airplanes are a visual example of this quotidian yet symbolic realm.

Every paper airplane sent into the winds of the city told stories about the weather, and the world, and which days New Yorkers were most inspired to commit small acts of defiance, or freedom, or hope, placing news of the human heart into those webs of resonance described by sound, space, light, and interval. Every time a schoolchild launched her boredom out of a classroom window, she might be sending a message into the hands of Harry Smith.

Access the newly completed finding aid for the Harry Smith papers here.

“Treasures from the Vault” is an occasional series spotlighting the varied and unique holdings of the Research Library at the Getty Research Institute.

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