Norman Zammitt (1931–2007) was born in Toronto, Canada, raised on an American Indian reservation in New York State, and moved to California with his family in 1945. He studied at Pasadena City College and went on to earn his MFA at Otis Art Institute in 1961, where he created collages and abstract paintings inspired by the landscape. In 1964 Zammitt turned from oil paint to acrylic plastic resin, producing box-like sculptures that explored color and transparency. By the early 1970s, he returned to painting, continuing his investigations of color relationships through precisely rendered striped paintings. Zammitt’s nearly mathematical color combinations produce the illusion of deep dimensionality and dramatic optical effects.