Ancient World, Antiquities, Art, Art & Archives, Exhibitions and Installations, Getty Villa, J. Paul Getty Museum

Eros, the Naughty Superhero of Love

Did you receive a Valentine’s card today? Take a second look at those cartoon Cupids. They derive, in their own way, from ancient Greece and Rome, but might not be so cute as they first appear.

Eros Wearing a Lionskin / Greek

Eros Wearing a Lionskin, Greek, 100–1 B.C. Terracotta, pigment, and gold, 15 3/4 in. high. The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Henry Lillie Pierce Fund

Then as now, Cupid’s presence denotes passion and desire, and our word “erotic” comes from Eros, his Greek name. Depictions of this youthful winged god, often shown with his bow and arrow, abound in ancient art. A fabulous example is this terracotta statue in the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, which will feature in our upcoming exhibition at the Getty Villa, Aphrodite and the Gods of Love (currently on display in Boston until February 20th).

Standing 40 centimeters high and dating to the late first century B.C., this is a terracotta masterpiece. The slight lean in his hips, the right arm behind his back, that sweet—or is it sarcastic?—smile, all convey the cocky swagger of the chubby boy-god.

Tied around Eros’s chest, and secured with a little medallion, are the paws of the furry lionskin that covers his head and shoulders and falls to the ground behind his back. Why should Eros be wearing a lionskin? It immediately puts us in mind of that other famous lionskin wearer, the Greek hero Herakles, who overcame his opponents with his enormous strength.

How endearing, we might think, for the little god to be dressed up as the mightiest figure of Greek myth. But there may be more to it than that. The lionskin equates Herakles and Eros, suggesting that love is as mighty as the all-conquering superhero. Few would dispute that. But Eros is a child, and can hardly be counted upon to use his strength responsibly. Indeed, he often toys with his victims without concern for the consequences.

This is not merely the opinion of a curator whose mailbox has been repeatedly empty on Valentine’s Days gone by. Far from it—Eros’s capricious ways were a recurring grounds for complaint in antiquity. Take, for example, the Greek poet Anakreon, writing in the sixth century B.C.:

Like a blacksmith with his huge hammer, Eros has knocked me again and doused me in a wintry ditch.

Or for a female perspective, listen to the complaint of the besotted Phaedra in the first (and only partially surviving) version of Euripides’ play Hippolytos:

I have a teacher of daring and audacity, who is most inventive amid difficulties. Eros, the hardest god of all to fight.

The full scale of Eros’s power is expressed by the Chorus in the second version of the same play:

Winged and gold-gleaming, Eros flies over the earth and the loud-roaring salt sea. He bewitches the one upon whose love-maddened heart he flies. He bewitches the whelps of the mountain and those of the sea, what the earth brings forth and what the blazing sun looks down upon, and likewise mortal men…

It’s not surprising, therefore, that even Aphrodite found him a handful. In the story of Jason’s quest for the Golden Fleece, the gods plan for the princess Medea to fall in love with the hero and help him. Hera and Athena go to visit Aphrodite, to ask her to persuade her son to assist. Yet when the topic of Eros is raised, Aphrodite’s first response is:

Hera and Athena, he would obey you much more than me, for impudent as he is, he will have at least a little respect in his eyes for you—whereas he pays no attention to me and incessantly picks a quarrel and belittles me….

Aphrodite’s frustrations are well conveyed by a bronze statuette in the Getty’s collection (J. Paul Getty bought a number of statues of the goddess). The goddess brandishes a slipper or a roll of fabric in her right hand, and is about to spank her miscreant son.

Aphrodite Spanking Eros / Greek

Aphrodite Spanking Eros, Greek, 200–1 B.C. Bronze, 11 5/16 in. high. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 57.AB.7

Eros’s capacity for causing trouble will be one of the themes in our upcoming exhibition Aphrodite and the Gods of Love, which highlights the manipulative and sometimes destructive characteristics of Aphrodite and Eros. Featuring over one hundred objects from the collections of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and the Getty (including the two discussed here) together with a selection of spectacular loans from Italy, the show opens on March 28th, and I look forward to welcoming you to it. In the meantime, though, I hope Eros treats you kindly.

Tagged , , , , , , , : . Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.


  1. Eloise Krivosheia
    Posted March 30, 2012 at 12:46 am | Permalink

    I’d love to visit this exhibit but can find nowhere the dates and hours when it it will be open. Please let me know these. Eloise

    • Annelisa Stephan
      Posted March 31, 2012 at 6:53 pm | Permalink

      Hi Eloise, Thanks for your question (and sorry for making the information hard to find!). Aphrodite and the Gods of Love is on exhibit through July 9, 2012 at the Getty Villa. Hours are 10am to 5pm daily except Tuesdays, and admission is free with your advance, timed-entry ticket to the Villa (also free), which you can book here. I hope you enjoy the exhibit, it’s fascinating and beautiful. —Annelisa, Iris editor

  2. Jeff
    Posted June 19, 2012 at 10:23 pm | Permalink

    Another beautiful and informative article–you all do such compelling and appealing work and that says nothing about the great exhibits at the Villa and “on the hill.” I wish I lived closer to both. Please continue the top-notch work! The best, Jeff.

Post a Comment

Your email is never published or shared. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>


  • Facebook

  • Twitter

  • Tumblr

    • photo from Tumblr



      Winter is coming. All men must die. And Game of Thrones is back! Stay tuned each week as we unpack Sunday’s episodes through masterpieces.

      Winter is coming indeed! A snowy forecast has just been resurrected thanks to a please-touch-me-and-cut-my-hair lady in red. The epic line “I drink and I know things” provides especially good wisdom for how to tame two dragons

      Several characters went at it this week: a soldier and a friar exchanged heated remarks in the presence of an armed peace mob, a girl with no name and another not-so-kind girl went stick to stick, a crow and a giant went crossbow to stone wall, a first-born son stabbed his father, starving hounds and a new mother went canines to flesh, and two brothers duked it out on a swinging bridge (one fell). Plus, the three-eyed raven (who sits in a tree) taught a forgotten character how to look into the past.

      To make our Game of Thrones posts more international, we’ll feature an image from our Global Middle Ages exhibition and pick “wildcard” images from other collections around the world.

      This week’s pick from the Getty’s Traversing the Globe exhibition comes from @lacma (because we love dragons). The wildcard images were selected from the British Museum (more dragons), the Morgan Library (giants!), and the Museo del Prado (hounds).

      Dive deeper with featurettes connecting the making of medieval manuscripts to the making of fantasy TV. 


      #DesigningGoT - Live Stream May 4 at 7 PM PST

      Michele Clapton, costume designer for the first five seasons of Game of Thrones, joins Deborah Landis, director of the Copley Center for Costume Design at UCLA, and Bryan C. Keene, assistant curator of manuscripts at the Getty, to discuss the series’ medieval aesthetic and the visual sources for her designs.

      Tune in to the live stream here.


  • Flickr