Explore the Era

Delve into the postwar Los Angeles art world in this online archive, which provides additional material related to the exhibitions on view at the Getty Center. Learn about hipsters and happenings, and the venues across the city where all the action took place through images from the archives and first-hand accounts with the artists.



Untitled, 1969, Craig Kauffman. Acrylic lacquer on plastic. 73 x 50 x 9 in. Courtesy the Estate of Craig Kauffman and the Frank Lloyd Gallery. © The Estate of Craig Kauffman

In the 1960s, artists in Los Angeles began to create works using industrial materials such as Plexiglas acrylic sheeting, fiberglass, and thermoset plastics that set and hardened into shape, as well as the acrylic lacquers favored by the automotive industry. In Craig Kauffman’s Loops series of 1969, each work comprises a sheet of Plexiglas that the artist molded into a looping fold at its top then sprayed with subtle gradations of acrylic paint. Hanging suspended from a chain a few inches from the wall, the objects seem to hover, and the color on their surface appears also in the shadows the work casts on the wall behind. Though Kauffman’s loops represent his continued exploration of color and of industrial materials, the phenomenological nature of their display brings them close to minimalism as it began to be defined in the second half of the 1960s.

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  • Poster for Craig Kauffman exhibition

    Poster for Craig Kauffman exhibition at Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, 1962. © The Estate of Craig Kauffman. The Getty Research Institute, Gift of Michael Asher, 2009.M.30.16. Courtesy Frank Lloyd Gallery, Santa Monica, California

  • Craig Kauffman installation

    Installation view of Craig Kauffman's solo exhibition at the Pasadena Art Museum, including works from Kauffman's Loops series, 1970. Photo by Frank J. Thomas. Courtesy of the Frank J. Thomas Archives

  • Craig Kauffman in Billy Al Bengston's studio

    Craig Kauffman in Billy Al Bengston's studio in the 1960s. Image courtesy of and © Billy Al Bengston

  • Craig Kauffman, ca. 1955

    Craig Kauffman, ca. 1955. © The Estate of Craig Kauffman. Photo by Ed Moses