Art, J. Paul Getty Museum, Photographs, Film, and Video, Publications

Becoming Man Ray: Art, Life, and Paris

The mythology of artistic greatness tends to privilege the spark of creative genius over hard work, sacrifice, and experimentation. Traditionally, the biographies of famous artists have described naïve talents who achieved notoriety only after being fortuitously discovered. By contrast, Man Ray’s life story is one of self-determination, ambition, and risk-taking.

<em>Untitled (Self Portrait with Pipe, Paris)</em>, Man Ray, 1921. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 97.XM.54.1

Untitled (Self Portrait with Pipe, Paris), Man Ray, 1921. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 97.XM.54.1. © Man Ray Trust ARS-ADAGP

Born Emmanuel Radnitsky, Man Ray grew up in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants. Early in his career, he made the self-conscious decision to shorten his given name to the elegantly streamlined and ethnically indeterminate Man Ray. When he left New York for Paris in 1921 at the age of 30, he saw opportunity ahead. Having already befriended artist Marcel Duchamp in New York, Man Ray had entrée to the Parisian avant-garde.

Man Ray led a glamorous, bohemian lifestyle in Paris. He mingled with the fashionable set and became a fixture of Montparnasse’s cafés. In Paris he also made the most innovative work of his career, including his experimental Rayographs.

<em>Untitled Rayograph</em>, Man Ray, 1923. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Gift of Marc and Jane Nathanson. 2000.14 © Man Ray Trust ARS-ADAGP

Untitled Rayograph, Man Ray, 1923. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Gift of Marc and Jane Nathanson. 2000.14 © Man Ray Trust ARS-ADAGP

Man Ray eventually became one of the leading visual artists of the French Surrealist movement. To earn a living, he did work for fashion magazines and took portraits of artists and luminaries. Pablo Picasso, James Joyce, Jean Cocteau, Joan Miró, and Gertrude Stein all sat in front of Man Ray’s camera.

Man Ray in Paris by Erin Garcia

Interestingly, Man Ray’s commercial endeavors had little effect on his credibility among his Surrealist associates. From all sides, he was able to maintain his independence. Even in his choice of media, Man Ray crossed boundaries and moved easily between painting, collage, sculpture, film, and photography. When many of his Parisian colleagues fled to New York during World War II, Man Ray settled in California.

Man Ray continues to be one of the most compelling artists of the 20th century perhaps because he carved out such a unique identity for himself. He was a person with big aspirations and a mind of his own. He discovered himself and made his own name. Man Ray in Paris, the new book that tells this story, is just one small window onto Man Ray’s unique life and career.

<em>Untitled (The Marquise Casati with Horses)</em>, Man Ray, 1935. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 84.XM.1000.68

Untitled (The Marquise Casati with Horses), Man Ray, 1935. The J. Paul Getty Museum, 84.XM.1000.68. © Man Ray Trust ARS-ADAGP

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      chivalry-project:

      The Chivalry Project in Person

      Join us Friday and Saturday, July 25 and 26, for the first two installments of our free manuscript-making workshops with artist Becca Lofchie at the Getty Center. Create and illustrate your own rule of chivalry, be it newly invented or tried and true! Handmade rules will be featured here on The Chivalry Project tumblr.

      11am to 3:30pm both days.

      Also to see: Chivalry in the Middle Ages, which inspired the project.

      The Fourth Trumpet (detail), about 1255. (Text 2014.) The J. Paul Getty Museum, Ms. Ludwig III 1, fol. 12v

      07/24/14

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