Established in 2014, Keeping it Modern is an initiative of the Getty Foundation that supports the conservation of twentieth-century architecture around the world. Experimentation with materials and construction techniques during this era resulted in great architectural innovation, but they were often untested and have presented complex conservation challenges with age.
In the initiative’s first 4 years, more than 40 grants have been awarded to model projects that focus on the comprehensive planning, testing, and analysis of modern materials, as well as the creation of conservation management plans that guide long-term maintenance and conservation policies. The projects chosen represent a variety of shared concerns that practitioners in the field face when preserving modern buildings, from the aging of materials such as concrete and glass, to scientific analyses of exterior and interior finishes.
Now the Getty Foundation has launched the Keeping It Modern Report Library with the first 20 completed reports, free to download and use by practitioners in the field or anyone interested in cultural heritage preservation. Each report contains detailed information, including technical reports and conservation management plans for multiple building types (education, government, religious, etc.) and multiple building materials (brick, concrete, metal, etc.), that can be instructive for the preservation of other related sites. At present, reports on the following buildings are available:
- Arthur Neiva Pavilion by architect Jorge Ferreira. Completed 1947. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
- Arts Building and Cloister by architect George Nakashima. Completed 1967. New Hope, Pennsylvania
- Jewett Arts Center by architect Paul Rudolph. Completed 1958. Wellesley, Massachusetts
- Max Liebling House by architect Dov Karmi. Completed 1937. Tel Aviv, Israel
- Saint John’s Abbey and University Church by architect Marcel Breuer. Completed 1961. Collegeville, Minnesota
- Unity Temple by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Completed 1908. Oak Park, Illinois.
- Accra Children’s Library by architects Nickson and Borys. Completed 1962. Accra, Ghana
- Einstein Tower by architect Erich Mendelsohn. Completed 1921. Potsdam, Germany.
- National Library of Kosovo by architect Andrija Mutnjakovic. Completed 1982. Prishtina, Kosovo
- Henry Luce Memorial Chapel, by architects I.M. Pei and C.K. Chen. Completed 1963. Taichung City, Taiwan
- Paimio Sanatorium by architect Alvar Aalto Foundation. Completed 1933. Preitilä, Finland
- Cristo Obrero Church by architect Eladio Dieste. Completed 1952. Estación Atlántida, Uruguay
- Miami Marine Stadium by architect Hilario Candela. Completed 1963. Miami, Florida.
- Salk Institute for Biological Studies by architect Louis Khan. Completed 1965. La Jolla, California
- Centennial Hall by architect Max Berg. Completed 1913. Wrocław, Poland
- Gandhi Bhawan (Gandhi Center) by architect Pierre Jeanneret. Completed 1962. Chandigarh, India
- Gropius House by architect Walter Gropius. Completed 1938. Lincoln, Massachusetts
- “Collegi” buildings by architect Giancarlo De Carlo. Completed 1966. Urbino, Italy.
- Vilanova Artigas Building by architect Vilanova Artigas. Completed 1969. Sao Paulo, Brazil
- Sydney Opera House by architect Jørn Utzon. Completed 1973. Sydney, Australia
How can these individual projects have an impact beyond their chosen site? One example is Eladio Dieste’s Cristo Obrero Church in Atlántida, Uruguay. Dieste was a prolific Uruguayan architect, who designed over 200 structures in Latin America and Spain. Noted for his use of brick to create undulating walls and thin-shelled vaults, Dieste developed unique structural engineering solutions to execute his distinctive designs. By identifying the as-built structure of the Cristo Obrero church with 3-D imaging, the Keeping It Modern project team was able to identify where the actual construction diverged from the plans and add this information to a comprehensive conservation management plan. As a result of the research, the caretakers of the Cristo Obrero church will have a greater understanding of this site. And on a larger scale, the results can be applied towards the care of other Dieste buildings with similar materials and features.
Additional reports will be added as they are completed, and the newest round of Keeping It Modern grants will be announced in the fall of 2018.
As with any project of this scale, there are a host of collaborators. The Foundation would like to thank all of its Keeping It Modern grantees for their generosity in preparing these reports for public dissemination. They also appreciate the assistance of a number of colleagues across the Getty who helped design, build, and test the Report Library—including colleagues from the Getty Digital team as well as the Getty Conservation Institute, Getty Research Institute, Getty Publications, and Trust Legal. Finally, program associate Cynthia Querio was a tireless leader in seeing this project to completion, and the Foundation is grateful for her patience, hard work, and skill in making this resource available to the field.