Gardens and Architecture, People & Places

For California Gardeners, Winter Is the New Summer

Layia platyglossa (tidy tips) in the Central Garden

I always smile to myself when people complain about Los Angeles “winters.” Sure, California gets cold this time of year, but the chilly and wet season is actually our most alive, our most fertile of the year. Unusual in the world, our mediterranean climate—which prevails only in the lands around Mediterranean Sea and parts of California, Australia, Chile, and South Africa—has a long, hot, dry season, and a short, rainy, cool season. For gardeners, this is the season that matters.

Writer Kelli Kallenborn sums up our upside-down seasons perfectly:

We think of winter as a time of cold weather. As gardeners, we also think of it as a time when plants stop growing or greatly reduce their rate of growth. It is usually the most difficult time in terms of plant survival. This sounds like November through February for much of the northern hemisphere, but it also describes summer in the mediterranean climate zones of the world. To plants native to the climate, the hot, dry summer is the challenge. Summer is winter.

In our native landscapes, plant growth explodes during this chilly “summer” of ours—all of our California wildflowers, as well as tree and shrub roots, which are invisibly extending their fingers deep into the chilled and moist earth.

This is what I think about when I wander the Central Garden at the Getty Center in late-cool-season. Bees are busily pollinating the wildflowers and dipping deep into the Brugmansias; our temporary avian visitors, like white-crowned sparrows and Oregon juncos, are chirping in force. Absent entirely is the “icy fang and churlish chiding of the winter’s wind,” in the words of Shakespeare—who most certainly did not live in a Mediterranean climate.

In fact, the Central Garden sparkles with several species of native California wildflowers, including the sunny-faced tidy tips (at the top of the post). The impossibly deep blue of desert phacelia glows against the backdrop of the red-twig dogwoods that dot the garden each winter.

Phacelia campanularia in the Central Garden at the Getty Center

Speaking of colorful twigs, who says visual interest has to come from flowers alone? New growth is beautiful in shades of maroon, gold, rust, and lime.

New grown on vine in the Central Garden at the Getty Center

Textures also seem so much fresher in a cold garden, like you’ve walked into one big crisper. Kangaroo paws from South Africa light up when the morning sun strikes their fuzzy bracts.

Kangaroo paws in the Central Garden at the Getty Center

Flower buds are sometimes more interesting than the flowers they will soon become, like these spiky, defiant heads of pincushion flower.

Bud of pincushion flower in the Central Garden at the Getty Center

White tulips are out in force, the very symbol of spring. This dusky purple tulip seems as if she has left the rich, red-brown soil that nurtured her bulb with some regret.

Tulips in the Central Garden at the Getty Center

Warm weather will be back with us shortly, and from April to October, it will be, at last, hot and dry. But for many California gardeners and garden lovers, nothing beats winter for a true experience of summer.

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      Color for Healing

      This sanitorium (tuberculosis hospital) in Paimio, Finland, was designed by architect Alvar Aalto in the 1920s. Unlike many hospitals, it was full of bright colors—including welcoming yellow on the main stairs and calming green for ceilings above bedridden patients. Aalto even created special chairs to open the chest and speed healing.

      The building’s colors were mostly whitewashed later in the 20th century, but now—due to a grant from the Getty Foundation as part of its Keeping It Modern initiative—its colors are being reconstructed and the building preserved for the future.

      More of the story: Saving Alvar Aalto’s Paimio Sanitorium

      Pictured: Paimio Sanatorium, patients’ wing and solarium terraces. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum. A color model for Paimio Sanatorium interiors by decorative artist Eino Kauria. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum, 2016.Paimio chairs (Artek no 41) in the Paimio Sanatorium lecture room, 1930s. Photo: Gustaf Welin, Alvar Aalto Museum. Aino Aalto resting in a chair on the solarium terrace. Photo: Alvar Aalto, Alvar Aalto Museum, 1930s. Main stairs of Paimio Sanatorium. Photo: Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum.


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